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Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago

Svalbard, formerly known as Spitsbergen, consists of a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, which are situated far north of the Arctic Circle and about 1000 kilometres south of the North Pole. Three large islands dominate the territory: Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandlet, and Edgeøya. The other six main islands are Barentsøya, Prins Karls Forland, Kong Karls Land, Kvitøya, Hopen, and Bjømøya.


Pyramiden/Nordenskiöldbreen Woodfjorden/Liefdefjorden Sjuøyane archipelago & Hinlopen Strait Brasvellbreen/Austfonna ice cap Spitsbergen south Coast

Sjuøyane archipelago & Hinlopen Strait
Sjuøyane is the northernmost part of the Svalbard archipelago and is a group of seven islands. The Hinlopen strait is between Spitsbergen and Nordaustlandet. It is 150 kilometers long and 10 to 60 kilometers wide.
 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Sjuøyane archipelago is the northernmost part of the Svalbard.As the name implies, this is a group of seven islands: Phippsøya, Martensøya, Parryøya, Nelsonøya, Waldenøya, Tavleøya and Rossøya.
A view from in front of Utkiksnosa (220m) a small mountain on Phippsøya island. Phippsøya is 11 km long and the largest istand in Sjuøyane. It is named after Constantine John Phipps, second Baron Mulgrave, 174 4-92, British nava! officer, leader of the expedition in 1773 to Spitsbergen in the bomb vessels "Racehorse" and "Carcass", himself in command of the former.
In the far background left behind is the small Tavleøya island and at the right the Martensøya island.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Martensøya island (viewed from the southwest) is the easternmost of the archepelago and is named after the German physician Friderich Martens, who visited Spitsbergen in 1671 and wrote a remarkable book about it in 1675. The island was visited by Swedish geologist O. M. Torell and Swedish geologist and Arctic explorer A. E. Nordenskiold on August 1, 1861, who ascended its summits. Total area 19 sq.km. Highest point: Sölvberget, 405 m.a.s.l..
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Parryøya island (viewed from the northeast) is the southernmost of the three large island in Sjuøy;ane and known after Sir William Edward Parry, English naval officer and polar explorer, who headed expedition to Spitsbergen in 1827. Total area ca. 20 square kilometres, highest point Øykollen ca. 400 m.a.s.l.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama.
The Sjuøyane archipelago seen from the south.
The small island at the left is Nelsonøya. In the far background at the left side of the large Parryøya island (foreground) is also slightly visible in the haze the flat topped Tavleøya island and behind the right of Parryøya is part of Phippsøya island. The large island at the right side is Martensøya.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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Sjuøyane archipelago and Hinlopen Strait
(timelapse and animated panoramic images)



 
 Spitsbergen panorama Valhallfonna glacier Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait Valhallfonna Ice cap.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Valhallfonna

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait.
The Valhallfonna Ice cap covers an area of about 1000 square kilometres and is located west of Hinlopenstrait. It is named after Valhall, dwelling of the gods in Norse mythology.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Svalbard panorama Valhallfonna Ice Cap

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
The Ice wall of Valhallfonna Ice cap.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Cape Fanshawe

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Cape Fanshawe (378m) is the northern point of Lomfjordhalvøya, a peninsula between Lomfjorden and Hinlopen Strait. It is a trigonometric point of the Swedish-Russian Are-of-Meridian Expedition 1899-1902. Named after Fanshawe, mate of H.M.S. "Heela", the vessel of Parry's expedition to Spitsbergen 1827.
Alkefjellet (seen at the left) is a cliff northeast on Lomfjordhalvøya and a famous Rookery for sea-fowl.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Draupnerknausane and Tommelbreen glacier on Lomfjordhalvøya peninsula.
Draupnerknausane (named after Draupner, was the finger ring of Odin in Norse mythology) is a row of nunataks and crags in the south of Alkefjellet and along the eastern side of Torsfonna glacier plateau.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Driftwood on Wahlbergøya island. Many of Svalbard’s beaches are covered with driftwood, originated mainly from western and central Siberia.
Wahlbergøya with an aera of 28 square kilometres is the largest of the Vaigattøyane islands, (area 28 km2), in Hinlopenstrait. Named after Peter Fredrik Wahlberg, 1800-77, Swedish botanist and secretary of the Royal Swedish Adademy of Science in Stockholm (1848-66).
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Walruses on Wahlbergøya island.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
A view towards Wilhelmøya Island (seen from the north).
Wilhelmøya Island in Hinlopenstrait (area 120 km2) is named after Wilhelm I (1797-1888), King of Prussia (1861-88), Emperor of Germany (1871-88). About 33,5 % of the island is covered with ice. The highest elevation is Kaisarkampen (seen on the image at the left). The island is seperated from Spitsbergen island by a narrow strait, the Bjørnsundet.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
A view towards the narrow northern entrance of Bjørnsundet. Wilhelmøya island (left) and the coast of Spitsbergen island (right).
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 Svalbard panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Moltkebreen with Rundemannen mountain, seen from north of the entrance to Bjørnsundet.
Rundemannen is a low mountain in the upper part of the Moltkebreen, the glacier is named after Field-Marshal Count Helmuth von Molkte, 1800-91, German Army.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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