Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago
Svalbard, formerly known as Spitsbergen, consists of a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, which are situated far north of the Arctic Circle and about 1000 kilometres south of the North Pole. Three large islands dominate the territory: Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandlet, and Edgeøya. The other six main islands are Barentsøya, Prins Karls Forland, Kong Karls Land, Kvitøya, Hopen, and Bjømøya.
 
 
 Svalbard panorama Billefjorden

Spitsbergen panorama, Billefjorden with Nordenskiöldbreen.
The huge glacier Nordenskiöldbreen is dominating much of the scenery at the southeastern end of the fjord. It is a 25 km long and 11 km wide glacier debouching into Adolfbukta innermost in Billefjorden, on the divide between Dickson Land and Blinsow Land. The glacier is named after professor Baron Adolf Erik Nordenskiold, 1832-1901, Swedish geologist and Arctic explorer.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Svalbard panorama Billefjorden

Spitsbergen panorama, Billefjorden.
Billefjorden is a 30 kilometres long and 6 kilometres wide branch of the Isfjorden. It is named after the Dutch whaler Cornelius Claeszoon Bille, recorded to have been active in 1675.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Pyramiden.
Pyramiden founded by Sweden in 1910 and sold to the Soviet Union in 1927. Goal mining until 1998 when the settlement was closed down. Pyramiden is located at Billefjorden on the southern side of the mountain Pyramiden. In the 1980s, the mining community had a population of more than 1'000. Pyramiden is now mostly visited by seagulls, polar foxes and, not infrequently, polar bears. The ghost town is now home to about eight people, who work at the hotel and as tourist guides. It’s possible to stay at the very authentic Pyramiden Hotel.
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 Spitsbergen Pyramiden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Pyramiden.
Pyramiden settlement with Mt. Pyramiden 937 m.
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 Spitsbergen Pyramiden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Pyramiden.
Pyramiden settlement with Nordenskiöldbreen and MS Spitsbergen.
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 Pyramiden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Pyramiden.
A view from the entrance to the Cultural Palace in Pyramiden. The Lenin statue overlooking the town square in Pyramiden.
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 Pyramiden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Nordenskiöldbreen.
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 Pyramiden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Nordenskiöldbreen.
The massive ice front of the Nordenskiöldbreen.
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden (a view towards east).
The image shows the northernmost part between the glacier Gärmbreen at the left to Bravallafjella mountain ridge (right).
Woodfjorden is a 65 kilometers long and 10 kilometers wide fiord running in a north-south direction from the north shore of Spitsbergen island.
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden (a view towards east).
The image shows the stretch between Bravallafjella (left) and Prinsetoppen 738 m (right).
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Woodfjorden Liefdefjorden Monacobreen Selingerbreen ...
(timelapse and animated panoramic images)


 
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden/Liefdefjorden.
A view towards Evabreen and Paradisbreen in the northwest.
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 Spitzbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden.
The image shows Korken (741 m) on the northern end of the peninsula, seperating Bockfjorden (left) from Liefdefjorden (right).
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 Svalbard panorama Bockfjorden

Spitsbergen panorama, Bockfjorden.
A distant view towards the southern end of Bockfjorden. The main peaks are Trolltindane (958 m), Williamstarnet (1'057 m), Smorstabben (1'016 m) and Krona (1'207 m) with Adolfbreen and Friedrichbreen (from left to right). Bockfjorden is s small fiord on the western side of Woodfjorden, north in Haakon VIl Land. It is named after the German Franz-Karl von Bock, b. 1876, then captain, who with Count Poninski undertook a stereophotogrammetric survey of Woodfjorden in 1907.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden/Liefdefjorden.
Korken 741 m.
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
A view towards Idabreen and Erikbreen.
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
Liefdefjorden with Monacobreen, Seligerbreen and Emmabreen (from left to right).
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 Liefdefjorden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
Liefdefjorden with Monacobreen, Seligerbreen and Emmabreen (from left to right).
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
Seligerbreen (Seligerbreen is named after a German topographer, Paul Seliger).
Stortingspresidenten ridge at the left (highest point Hoghotten (1'004 m), Solrova mountain (931 m) in the center and Hesteskoen (1'041 m) at the right.
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 Liefdefjorden panorama Monacobreen

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
The icefront of Monacobreen.
Large glacier debouching into the head of Liefdefjorden. The glacier is named after Prince Albert l of Monaco. Scottish polar explorer Dr. William S. Bruce was a member of the Prince's expedition in 1899 and he probably then saw the glacier, which was mapped by the expeditions in 1906 and 1907 organized by the Prince and led by G. lsachsen.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Liefdefjorden panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
Liefdefjorden with Monacobreen, Seligerbreen, Emmabreen and Idabreen (from left to right).
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Liefdefjorden.
Liefdefjorden with Idabreen and Erikbreen (from left to right).
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Woodfjorden.
At Mushamna Bay on the eastern side of the northern part of Woodfjorden (=the mouse bay. Norwegian translation of the oldest name, Muys haven, Blaeu 1662).
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Wijdefjorden.
Part of a panoramic distant view from the mouth of Wijdefjorden (south of Moffen island) towards the northern coast of Spitsbergen.
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 Spitsbergen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Sjuøyane archipelago is the northernmost part of the Svalbard.As the name implies, this is a group of seven islands: Phippsøya, Martensøya, Parryøya, Nelsonøya, Waldenøya, Tavleøya and Rossøya.
A view from in front of Utkiksnosa (220m) a small mountain on Phippsøya island. Phippsøya is 11 km long and the largest istand in Sjuøyane. It is named after Constantine John Phipps, second Baron Mulgrave, 174 4-92, British nava! officer, leader of the expedition in 1773 to Spitsbergen in the bomb vessels "Racehorse" and "Carcass", himself in command of the former.
In the far background left behind is the small Tavleøya island and at the right the Martensøya island.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Martensøya island (viewed from the southwest) is the easternmost of the archepelago and is named after the German physician Friderich Martens, who visited Spitsbergen in 1671 and wrote a remarkable book about it in 1675. The island was visited by Swedish geologist O. M. Torell and Swedish geologist and Arctic explorer A. E. Nordenskiold on August 1, 1861, who ascended its summits. Total area 19 sq.km. Highest point: Sölvberget, 405 m.a.s.l..
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama, Sjuøyane archipelago.
Parryøya island (viewed from the northeast) is the southernmost of the three large island in Sjuøy;ane and known after Sir William Edward Parry, English naval officer and polar explorer, who headed expedition to Spitsbergen in 1827. Total area ca. 20 square kilometres, highest point Øykollen ca. 400 m.a.s.l.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Sjuøyane archipelago

Spitsbergen panorama.
The Sjuøyane archipelago seen from the south.
The small island at the left is Nelsonøya. In the far background at the left side of the large Parryøya island (foreground) is also slightly visible in the haze the flat topped Tavleøya island and behind the right of Parryøya is part of Phippsøya island. The large island at the right side is Martensøya.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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Sjuøyane archipelago and Hinlopen Strait
(timelapse and animated panoramic images)



 
 Spitsbergen panorama Valhallfonna glacier Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait Valhallfonna Ice cap.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Valhallfonna

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait.
The Valhallfonna Ice cap covers an area of about 1000 square kilometres and is located west of Hinlopenstrait. It is named after Valhall, dwelling of the gods in Norse mythology.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Svalbard panorama Valhallfonna Ice Cap

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
The Ice wall of Valhallfonna Ice cap.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Cape Fanshawe

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Cape Fanshawe (378m) is the northern point of Lomfjordhalvøya, a peninsula between Lomfjorden and Hinlopen Strait. It is a trigonometric point of the Swedish-Russian Are-of-Meridian Expedition 1899-1902. Named after Fanshawe, mate of H.M.S. "Heela", the vessel of Parry's expedition to Spitsbergen 1827.
Alkefjellet (seen at the left) is a cliff northeast on Lomfjordhalvøya and a famous Rookery for sea-fowl.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Draupnerknausane and Tommelbreen glacier on Lomfjordhalvøya peninsula.
Draupnerknausane (named after Draupner, was the finger ring of Odin in Norse mythology) is a row of nunataks and crags in the south of Alkefjellet and along the eastern side of Torsfonna glacier plateau.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Driftwood on Wahlbergøya island. Many of Svalbard’s beaches are covered with driftwood, originated mainly from western and central Siberia.
Wahlbergøya with an aera of 28 square kilometres is the largest of the Vaigattøyane islands, (area 28 km2), in Hinlopenstrait. Named after Peter Fredrik Wahlberg, 1800-77, Swedish botanist and secretary of the Royal Swedish Adademy of Science in Stockholm (1848-66).
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Walruses on Wahlbergøya island.
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
A view towards Wilhelmøya Island (seen from the north).
Wilhelmøya Island in Hinlopenstrait (area 120 km2) is named after Wilhelm I (1797-1888), King of Prussia (1861-88), Emperor of Germany (1871-88). About 33,5 % of the island is covered with ice. The highest elevation is Kaisarkampen (seen on the image at the left). The island is seperated from Spitsbergen island by a narrow strait, the Bjørnsundet.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
A view towards the narrow northern entrance of Bjørnsundet. Wilhelmøya island (left) and the coast of Spitsbergen island (right).
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 Svalbard panorama Hinlopen Strait

Spitsbergen panorama Hinlopen Strait
Moltkebreen with Rundemannen mountain, seen from north of the entrance to Bjørnsundet.
Rundemannen is a low mountain in the upper part of the Moltkebreen, the glacier is named after Field-Marshal Count Helmuth von Molkte, 1800-91, German Army.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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 Svalbard Brasvellbreen panorama

Spitsbergen panorama Brasvellbreen glacier
The ice wall of the Brasvellbreen glacier (Austfonna ice cap) in Nordaustlandet is about 180 kilometres long and known as the longest glacier front of the northern hemisphere.
Austfonna is the largest icecap in Svalbard, covering approximately 8400 square kilometres and has a thickness of up to 560 metres.
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Brasvellbreen glacier
(timelapse and animated panoramic images)



 
 Svalbard panorama Brasvellbreen

Spitsbergen panorama Brasvellbreen glacier
The ice wall of the Brasvellbreen glacier (Austfonna ice cap).
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 Svalbard panorama Brasvellbreen

Spitsbergen panorama Brasvellbreen glacier
The ice wall of the Brasvellbreen glacier (Austfonna ice cap).
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 Svalbard panorama Brasvellbreen

Spitsbergen panorama Brasvellbreen glacier
The ice wall of the Brasvellbreen glacier (Austfonna ice cap).
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama
Distant view toward the south-east coast of Spitsbergen.
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 Svalbard panorama

Spitsbergen panorama
Distant view, morning scenery in Hornsund.
The Hornsund is an about 25 kilometres long fjord on the western side of the southernmost tip of Spitsbergen island.
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 Svalbard panorama Burgerbukta

Spitsbergen panorama Burgerbukta
Burgerbukta is the northermost bay in inner part of Hornsund, southeast in Wedel Jarlsberg Land. After Wilhelm Burger, 1844-1920, Austrian court photographer, member of Count Wilczek's expedition to Spritsbergen and Novaya Zemlya 1872 which mapped and named the bay.
(source "The Names of Svalbard", Norwegian Polar Institute).
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