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Gotthard Pass
Platzhalter
Switzerland map Gotthard

The Gotthard Pass is a 2'106 metres high mountain pass in the Lepontine Alps.

The Gotthard Pass has been the most important connection between Italy and the Northern Europe since the Middle Ages. It is the most direct link between Zürich and Lugano. It connects Amsteg in the Reuss valley with Biasca in the Leventina valley. 

The 15 km long St. Gotthard Railtunnel between Göschenen and Airolo was opened in the year 1882 and the 17 km long St. Gotthard Road tunnel in the year 1980. 

The new 57 km long Gotthard Base Tunnel between the villages Erstfeld and Bodio is under construction. When it will be opened, expected in the year 2016, it will be the longest railway tunnel of the world. 

 

Ghana 1999, Gotthard Railway Line.
Locomotive Re 6/6 Nr 11630 "Herzogenbuchsee", InterCity train "Barbarossa".
As far as i know, the miniaturesheet depicts a view from below Wassen village.

 

Paraquay 1990, "Gotthardpost"
The stamp was issued in the miniaturesheet "Stage Coaches".

The Gotthard stagecoach "Gotthardpost" in the Schöllenen Gorge.
Painting: Rudolf Koller (1828-1905). 

The most dangerous passage of the Gotthard Pass is the Schöllenen gorge (between the villages Göschenen and Andermatt), which the Reuss river digged into the rocks, could have been overcome since the 13th century by the Teufelsbrücke (devils bridge). 

The painting is one of the most popular works of Swiss art, you can admire the original from 1873 at the Zurich Art Gallery. 

note:
The painting "Gotthardpost" is also depicted on a miniaturesheet, issued from Bolivia (1991) in honour of the 700th anniversary of Switzerland.

 

Switzerland 1953, the devil's bridge in the Schöllenen Gorge.  

According to the legend, the devil is supposed to have helped with the construction of the bridge and demanded the soul of the first one crossing the bridge. The local people agreed and after three days the bridge was built. On its other side sat the devil and waited for the first, who came over. The smart Urner (local people of this valley), sent a goat over the bridge. The bounced devil wanted to smash the bridge and got a huge stone in Göschenen. He stopped for a break and an old wise woman realised, what he wanted to do, scratched the sign of a cross on the stone. When the devil saw this sign, he ran away and left the stone and bridge untouched. Since that time, the saying goes, he has never showed up in the Reuss Valley (Urnerland) anymore. 

There is a huge stone close to the Gotthard highway, which is supposed to be that "Teufelsstein" (devil's stone). In favour of the construction of the highway it has been moved and still existing. 

Meanwhile, several bridges span over the gorge, where historic remains from different eras can be encountered.

 

 

Switzerland 1997, the devil painting above the devil's bridge in the Schöllenen gorge. 

Today the old devil's bridge is a pedestrian/bicycle bridge. The painting above was made by Heinrich Danioth (1896-1953), a local painter and poet. 

Switzerland / Russia 1999
The Suworow monument in the Schöllenen Gorge
The stamp was issued together with the stamp of the Mount Glärnisch.

The huge monument that is alongside the devil’s bridge, recalling the march of General Suworow and his troops across the Swiss Alps, cannot be overseen. The devil’s bridge itself stood at the centre of the military conflict in 1799, that drew the country into the whirlpool of the european dispute. The cause was the advance of the French troops under Napoleon towards Italy, south Germany, Austria and the territories of the old Confederation. 

 

 

Switzerland 1952. St. Gotthard Hospice and Lago della Piazza at 2'106 m. 

 

Switzerland 1976, The Gotthard massif seen from the south (Alpe Föisc) above Airolo.

 

Switzerland 2007 Pro Patria stamp Via Gottardo

Switzerland 2007, Piottino Gorge, Faido & Alte Sust in Horgen.
The stamp was issued in the series "Pro Patria - Cultural routes in Switzerland ".

 

The following stamps show the Gotthard Railway line in the narrow Biaschina gorge, between the villages Lavorno and Giornico. 

Switzerland Gotthard Railway Biaschino gorge stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli issued 1934
Switzerland 1934




The following tête-bêche pairs are existing:
Switzerland Gotthard Railway Biaschino gorge stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli issued tete beche
 tête-bêche
 
Switzerland Gotthard Railway Biaschino gorge stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli issued tete beche with cutter
tête-bêche with cutter
Switzerland Gotthard Railway Biaschino gorge stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli issued 1938
Switzerland 1938

existing:
with different gums

The following tête-bêche pairs are existing:
tête-bêche
(existing with different gums)
Switzerland Gotthard Railway Biaschino gorge stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli issued 1938 tete beche with cutter
tête-bêche with cutter
(existing with different gums)

 

Switzerland 1957 Gotthard Railway in Biaschina gorge Locomotive Ae 6/6 stamp timbre Briefmarke francobolli

Switzerland 1957, Gotthard Railway in Biaschina gorge.
Locomotive Ae 6/6.

 

Switzerland Opening Gotthard Base Tunnel stamp

Switzerland 2016, "Opening of the Gotthard Base Tunnel".

The 57.1 kilometres long Gotthard Base Tunnel is the world’s longest railway tunnel and will be officially opened on 1st June 2016. It is the cornerstone of the European Rhine-Alpine Corridor for freight transport and is part of Switzerland’s “New Rail Link through the Alps” (NRLA). The tunnel construction began in 1996 and 28'200'000 tonnes of rock were excavated during the construction process. It consists of two single-track tunnels connecting northern Switzerland (Erstfeld) with southern Switzerland (Bodio).

The new railway tunnel is the third tunnel that run under the Gotthard Massif, the two other being the old 15 kilometres long Gotthard railway Tunnel from Göschenen to Airolo (since 1882) and the 16.9 kilometres long Gotthard road tunnel (opened 1980).

Switzerland 2016, "Opening of the Gotthard Base Tunnel".
Stationery Cards.

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