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Seven Summits
The Seven Summits
Everest (Nepal/China) Asia
Aconcagua (Argentina) South America
McKinley (Alasks/USA) North America
Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) Africa
Elbrus (Russia), Europe
Vinson Massif, Antarctica
Carstensz Pyramid (Indonesia), Oceania

Mont Blanc (France/Italy), Europe
Kosciuszko(Australia), Oceania


The volcanic Seven Summits
Damavand (Iran), Asia
Ojos del Salado (Chile), Aouth America
Pico de Orizaba (Mexico), North America
Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), Africa
Elbrus (Russia), Europe
Sidley, Antarctica
Giluwe (Papua New Guinea), Oceania


The Seven Summits
Everest (Nepal/China) Asia
Aconcagua (Argentina) South America
McKinley (Alasks/USA) North America
Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) Africa
Elbrus (Russia), Europe
Vinson Massif, Antarctica
Puncak Jaya (Indonesia), Oceania

Mont Blanc (France/Italy), Europe
Kosciuszko(Australia), Oceania


The volcanic Seven Summits
Damavand (Iran), Asia
Ojos del Salado (Chile), South America
Pico de Orizaba (Mexico), North America
Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), Africa
Elbrus (Russia), Europe
Sidley, Antarctica
Giluwe (Papua New Guinea), Oceania


The Seven Summits are the highest mountains of each of the seven continents. Summiting all of them is regarded as a mountaineering challenge.

Owing to different interpretations of continental borders (geographical, geological, geopolitical) several definitions for the highest summits per continent and the number of continents are possible. The Seven Summits number of seven continents is based on the continent model used in Western Europe, the United States and Australia.

Oceania
The highest mountain in the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, 2'228 metres above sea level. However, the highest mountain in the Australian continent which includes Australia and New Guinea is Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya), 4'884 m above sea level, in the Indonesian province of Papua on the island of New Guinea which lies on the Australian continental shelf Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya).

Europe
Europe, the generally accepted highest summit is Mount Elbrus (5'642 m) in the Caucasus. However, because the Caucasus form the border between Asia and Europe its inclusion in Europe is disputed. The highest mountain indisputably within Europe is Mont Blanc (4'807 m) on the border of France and Italy.

Seven Summits climbed by Pat Morrow
Pat Morrow, a Canadian mountain climber and photographer was the very first person in the world, who climbed the Seven Summits with both Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) and Kosciuszko.

Mount McKinley (1977), Aconcagua (1981) Everest (1982), Elbrus (1983) Kilimanjaro (1983) Vinson Massif (1985) and Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) (1986).

The Canadian Post issued in the year 2002 a special stamp sheet (International year of Mountains), showing the Seven Summits and the highest Canadian Peak, Mount Logan, to pay tribute to the two accomplished Canadian Explorers Pat Morrow and Bernhard Voyer. 

(Canada's Stamp Details (Vol. XI No 4; October to December 2002)

"Two of Canada's greatest climbers have made history by scaling the highest peaks in all seven continents. Bernard Voyer climbed the last of the continental summits in December 2001 - becoming the first North American explorer to reach all seven summits and both poles and to ski accross Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Spring 2002, Canada Post sponsored B.Voyer's expedition to Mount Logan [Canada's highest summit] to commemorate the International Year of Mountains. Pat Morrow, a freelance photographer [photographer of this issue as well (with Richard Hartmier)], became the first man to achieve the feat of all seven summits in 1986. His record has been sanctioned by the Guiness Book of World Records."


Lithunia issued in the year 1997 a souvenirsheet, which reflects the East European view on Europe and Asia in one continent. Climber Vladas Vitauskas, whose name is listed on the sheet, has reached the Seven Summits including Mount Koscuisko.

 

Lithunia 1997
The souvenirsheet is showing a world map marking the Seven Summits by a black point. It seems the designer of the souvenirsheet did not plan to show an other summit but Mount Everest. But in reality this is the view of Mount Pumori, which is situated in the neighbourhood of Everest.


The Seven Summits are the highest mountains of each of the seven continents. Summiting all of them is regarded as a mountaineering challenge.

Owing to different interpretations of continental borders (geographical, geological, geopolitical) several definitions for the highest summits per continent and the number of continents are possible. The Seven Summits number of seven continents is based on the continent model used in Western Europe, the United States and Australia.

Oceania
The highest mountain in the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, 2'228 metres above sea level. However, the highest mountain in the Australian continent which includes Australia and New Guinea is Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya), 4'884 m above sea level, in the Indonesian province of Papua on the island of New Guinea which lies on the Australian continental shelf Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya).

Europe
Europe, the generally accepted highest summit is Mount Elbrus (5'642 m) in the Caucasus. However, because the Caucasus form the border between Asia and Europe its inclusion in Europe is disputed. The highest mountain indisputably within Europe is Mont Blanc (4'807 m) on the border of France and Italy.

Seven Summits climbed by Pat Morrow
Pat Morrow, a Canadian mountain climber and photographer was the very first person in the world, who climbed the Seven Summits with both Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) and Kosciuszko.

Mount McKinley (1977), Aconcagua (1981) Everest (1982), Elbrus (1983) Kilimanjaro (1983) Vinson Massif (1985) and Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) (1986).

The Canadian Post issued in the year 2002 a special stamp sheet (International year of Mountains), showing the Seven Summits and the highest Canadian Peak, Mount Logan, to pay tribute to the two accomplished Canadian Explorers Pat Morrow and Bernhard Voyer. 

(Canada's Stamp Details (Vol. XI No 4; October to December 2002)

"Two of Canada's greatest climbers have made history by scaling the highest peaks in all seven continents. Bernard Voyer climbed the last of the continental summits in December 2001 - becoming the first North American explorer to reach all seven summits and both poles and to ski accross Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Spring 2002, Canada Post sponsored B.Voyer's expedition to Mount Logan [Canada's highest summit] to commemorate the International Year of Mountains. Pat Morrow, a freelance photographer [photographer of this issue as well (with Richard Hartmier)], became the first man to achieve the feat of all seven summits in 1986. His record has been sanctioned by the Guiness Book of World Records."


Lithunia issued in the year 1997 a souvenirsheet, which reflects the East European view on Europe and Asia in one continent. Climber Vladas Vitauskas, whose name is listed on the sheet, has reached the Seven Summits including Mount Koscuisko.

 

Lithunia 1997
The souvenirsheet is showing a world map marking the Seven Summits by a black point. It seems the designer of the souvenirsheet did not plan to show an other summit but Mount Everest. But in reality this is the view of Mount Pumori, which is situated in the neighbourhood of Everest.

 

 

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