The Pitcairn Islands are a group of four islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. They are named after Robert Pitcairn (1752 – 1770?), a midshipman of the Royal Navy.
The island group comprises Pitcairn Island, which covers an area of 4.6 square kilometres. It is the only inhabited island with a population of about 56 peoples. Other islands are the Henderson Island, an unspoiled coral atoll with a rare ecology, which has been a World Heritage Site since 1989 and the tiny Ducie and Oeno islands. The highest point is the Pawala Valley Ridge on Pictairn Island and reaches an elevation of 340 meters.
The Island was formed by a centre of upwelling magma called the Pitcairn hotspot and has a land area of 47 square kilometres and a coastline of 51 km. Its rugged volcanic formation consists of a rocky coastline with cliffs (27%), rolling land with a number of valleys (31%), steep sloping land (34%) and a relatively small area of flat land (8%).
Pictairn Island was colonized by mutineers of the Bounty (led by Fletscher Christian) in the year 1790. The island was annexed by Great Britain in 1839. In 1902 there were also annexed the uninhabited islands of Henderson, Ducie and Oneo.
Pitcairn Islands 1969
Pitcairn Islands 2014, Pitcairn Island
The stamp was issued in the series
"250th Anniversary of the birth of Fletcher Christian".
Pitcairn Islands 2016, Landscapes.