The Madeira Islands form an archipelago of volcanic origin. They belong to Portugal and comprise two inhabited islands, Madeira and Porto Santo, and two uninhabited groups, the Desertas and the Selvagens. The Madeira Island is the largest of the group. The highest summits on Madaira are the Pico Ruivo (1'862 m), Pico das Torres (1'847 m), Pico do Gato (1'780 m) and Pico Arieiro (1'818 m).
Portugal/Madeira 2012, Levadas.
The "Levadas" are a remarkable, ingenious irrigation system that was developed in the 16th century by the first settlers to distribute water from the high mountain springs to the slopes and valleys. Nowadays on the island there are more than 20 official hiking trails along more than 1'400 kilometres of Levadas.
Levada do Furado.
Levada dos Cedros.
Madeira 2014, Levada do Caldeirão Verde.