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Negev Desert
PNamibia
Bromo Tengger Semeru Nationalpark

The Negev Desert covers the southern part and about 13'000 square kilometres of the state of Israel.

 

Israel Negev desert stamp 1954 Briefmarke

Israel 1954, Lion Rock in the Negev Desert.

 

Israel Negev desert stamp 1970

Israel 1970, Nahal Barak Canyon in the Negev Desert.

 

Israel Negev desert stamp 1971

Israel 1971, Negev Desert.

 

Israel Negev desert stamp

Israel 1974, Arava, Negev Desert.

Naure Reserves in the Negev Desert

Israel 1988
Ein Zin Nature Reserve (Nahal-Zin).

Israel 1988
The She Zaf Nature Reserve
(located in the Northern Aravah).

Israel 1988
Ramon Nature Reserve.

 

A maktesh is a geological landform considered unique to the Negev desert of Israel.

The dynamic earth has formed almost unique geological landforms in the Negev desert. Initially, a layered sequence of hard Iimestone and dolomite rocks was deposited over softer sandstone sediments. The sequence was folded into asymmetric folds, producing four parallel, northeast - southwest, topographical ridges, An erosion surface removed the hard limestone and dolomite rocks of the fold's crest, exposing the underlying friable sandstone, which was eroded, forming a deep transverse valley. The creeks drain into the Dead Sea - Arava valley, through a single outlet, incised into the southeastern flank. The closed valleys are surrounded by steep cliffs, 200-400 m high. This type of breached valley or erosion crater is known as a "makhtesh". A makhtesh is a "geological window" through which the ancient strata are revealed. A makhtesh contains a variety of different colored rocks, and diverse "fauna and flora". The area of each makhtesh has been declared a nature reserve, providing an ideal location for recreation and leisure with trails for hiking, cycling and jeep tours.
(text: Post of Israel)  

Maktesh Ramon Negev Desert stamp

Israel 2014
Maktesh Ramon

Makhtesh Ramon, Iocated near Mitzpe Ramon, is the largest crater, up to 40 km long, 9 km wide, and 500 m deep. lt has been designated as a national geological park. The sandstone, multi- coloured clays and gypsum rocks were mined in the early days of the State of lsrael, forming the basis of the ceramics industry in lsrael. To add to the diversity of the geology, dark basalt volcanic rocks are exoosed and eroded into hexaoona! columns. The sedimentary rocks have been intruded by rare magmatic rocks with an unusual suite of metallic minerals.
(text:Post of Israel)  

Maktesh Gadol Negev Desert stamp

Israel 2014
Maktesh Gadol

Makhtesh Gadol (the large crater), located near Yerucham, is the second largest crater, 5 km by 10 km, and is drained by'Nahal Hatira". The erosion has exposed a petrified forest. The varied and colourful sand provides an opportunity to develop artistic skills by filling bottles with different sands. The white quartz sands are quarried for the glass industry.
(text:Post of Israel)  

Maktesh Katan Negev Desert stamp

Israel 2014
Maktesh Katan

Maktesh Ramon (the small cater) located near Dimona, is the most perfect of the Negev craters and is 5 km by 7 km. lt is surrounded by steep limestone cliffs, and drained by Nahal Halzera. To the east are rehabilitated rich phosphate rock quarries.
(text:Post of Israel)  

 

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