The Laguna de Guatavita is situated about 50 kilometres in the northeast of Bogotá at an altitude of about 3'000 metres. The lake has a diameter of 200-300 metres and a deepness of 25 metres (4°58'39.08"N 73°46'30.02"W).
The most likely theorie of the lake's origin is the result of a meteor crash several million years ago. Another theorie bases on volcanic origin.
The lake is famous for the legend of El Dorado. Several South American countries claim the legend as their own, but for many historians and researchers, the Laguna de Guatavita remains one of the most credible source of El Dorado.
The legend supplies the bottom of the lake with unimaginable treasures dumped there by the ancient Muisca to whom the lake was a ceremonial center. The legend of El Dorado has its origin in the rite by which the Zipa (Chief Muiscas) plunged his body covered by gold dust in this lake, while offerings beautiful pieces in gold and other precious stones the God of the lagoon.
Colombia 1992. "tribute for Guatavita".
Colombia 2004, Laguna Guatavita.
Colombia 2004. "Muisca raft in the Gold Museum in Bogotá".
The figure was made of gold between 1200 and 1500 AD. It refers the investiture ritual of the new ruler: covered with gold, jewels and emeralds, the new ruler would dive into the Guatavita lake after his coronation.