The Ferrocarril de Arica–La Paz was inaugurated on 13 May 1913. With its 440 kilometres is was known as the shortest way from the Pacific coast to the city of La Paz in Bolivia. The track rises from sea level to over 4'200 metres and is one of the highest railway lines in the world.
From the Chilean side the train starts in the city Arica at the Pacific coast and runs in the north of the Lluta River Canyon and Taapaca volcano (5'860 m) towards east. It winds between the Tacora volcano (5'980 m) and Chupiquiña volcano (5'805 m) in the north and the Cerros Caracarani (5'070 m) in the south through a landscape of desert towards Visviri at the Chilean-Bolivian border.
The passenger service closed in 1996, but by the Railway´s centenary, i.e.13 May 2013, the line was in operational order all the way up to the frontier to Bolivia. It is not clear when the Arica–La Paz railway may reopen to regular train services from Arica to La Paz.
Chile 2013, Railway Centenary.
The mountain at the left is probably Taapaca volcano, but not confirmed.